Types of Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles in India

Are you interested in joining the electric vehicle (EV) revolution? As the world becomes more concerned about climate change, pollution, and sustainability, EVs have emerged as a promising solution for zero-emission transportation. If you’re curious about the batteries that power these eco-friendly machines, you’ve come to the right place. Let’s explore the world of EV batteries, including their types, advantages, and the leading manufacturers, particularly in India.

Types of Electric Vehicles

Let’s briefly touch on the available types of electric vehicles before diving into batteries.:

  1. Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV): These EVs solely rely on batteries for power and emit zero emissions during operation.
  2. Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV): HEVs combine an internal combustion engine with electric power, utilising regenerative braking to recharge the battery.
  3. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV): Similar to HEVs but with the added ability to charge the battery externally, providing more flexibility in power sourcing.

Types of EV Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles

1. Lithium-Ion Battery (Li-ion):

Lithium-ion batteries are the most commonly used in electric vehicles today because of their high energy efficiency, excellent performance even in high temperatures, and remarkable power-to-weight ratio.

2. Hybrid Nickel-Metal (NiMH) Batteries:

While mainly found in hybrid vehicles, NiMH batteries boast longer life cycles and better safety ratings than lead-acid batteries. However, they suffer from a high self-discharge rate and heat generation under extreme conditions.

3. Lead-Acid Batteries:

Once a popular choice for EVs due to affordability, lead-acid batteries have been surpassed by more advanced alternatives due to their bulkiness and short lifespan.

EV Battery Manufacturers in India

India is rapidly embracing the EV revolution, with several manufacturers leading the charge in battery production:

  • Tata Chemicals: Known for its lithium-ion battery manufacturing capabilities, Tata Chemicals is a major player in India’s EV battery market.
  • Exide Industries Limited: A renowned name in the battery industry, Exide has ventured into EV batteries, focusing on lithium-ion and lead-acid technologies.
  • Amara Raja Batteries Limited specialises in advanced lead-acid and lithium-ion batteries, catering to the evolving needs of electric vehicles.
  • Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited: As a subsidiary of Mahindra & Mahindra, this company is driving innovation in EV technology, including battery solutions.


It is essential to choose the right battery for your electric vehicle to optimise its performance and lifespan. Each type has unique advantages and considerations, whether lithium-ion batteries’ energy efficiency, nickel-metal hydride reliability, or lead-acid’s affordability. As the EV industry continues to evolve, manufacturers are pushing boundaries to develop more efficient, sustainable, and cost-effective battery solutions, making electric vehicles the transportation choice of the future.

Remember, when you embark on your EV journey, consider the vehicle and the battery that powers it. With the right knowledge and understanding, you can drive towards a greener, cleaner future while enjoying the benefits of electric mobility.


  1. Who is the biggest EV battery manufacturer?

Currently, CATL (Contemporary Amperex Technology Co. Limited) holds the title, based in China.

  1.  Which company is best in EV batteries?

Panasonic, LG Chem, and Samsung SDI are among the top contenders for the best EV battery company.

  1.  Which is the No. 1 battery company in the world?

CATL is the No. 1 battery company globally, dominating the EV battery market.

  1.  Which is the No. 1 battery company in India?

Exide Industries Limited is India’s No. 1 battery company, excelling in the automotive and industrial sectors.

  1.  Who manufactures EV batteries in India?

Tata Chemicals, Exide Industries Limited, and Amara Raja Batteries Limited are prominent manufacturers of EV batteries in India.

  1.  Who is the leader in EV battery in India?

Tata Chemicals is emerging as a leader in EV battery production in India, focusing on lithium-ion technology for innovation.

  1.  Which battery brand is Indian?

Amaron, a brand by Amara Raja Batteries Limited, is an Indian battery brand known for its quality and reliability.

  1.  Which battery company is Indian?

Exide Industries Limited, founded in India, is a leading battery manufacturer catering to various applications, including electric vehicles.